Induction is the mental process of taking particular facts or instances and generalizing them to form
It is also called abstraction.
The process omits particular details of the instances, and integrates
based on a criteria or set of criteria.
A yellow pen, a blue pen, and a red pen can all be integrated under the criteria of being a pen.
The colors are omitted, since they don't have relevance.
A black book, a black sofa, and a black telephone can be integrated under the criteria of being black.
The other aspects of each object's nature is omitted.
(This page mirrored from Importance of Philosophy.com)