I found it in the Wikipedia article about John E. Arnold who taught creativity in engineering at MIT in the 1950s. He was a member of the MIT Science Fiction Society.
Arnold's philosophy of creativity and design emphasized the individual because "Every new combination of values ... is formed in the mind of an individual man." ... Accordingly, he advocated personal development first and foremost, providing guidelines for self-reflection and idea generation, a form of metacognition.
According to Arnold, some people believed that individuals could not invent because society and the sciences had become too complex—"no man can know all and therefore no man can invent." Consequently, these people overemphasize teamwork. Arnold said such efforts will fail because "the creative process is an individual process and, as John Steinbeck said, 'it lies in the lonely mind of a man.'"
Arnold's Works Cited
- Arnold, John E. (1953a). Case Study: Arcturus IV. MIT Creative Engineering Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department.
- Arnold, John E. (1953b). "Space, Time and Education", Astounding Science Fiction, May, pp. 9–25. Introductory remarks by John W. Campbell, Jr., editor, pp. 9–10.
- Arnold, John E. (1953c) 2016. The Arcturus IV Case Study. Edited with an introduction by John E. Arnold, Jr. Stanford University, Engineering Case Program (1948–1972), Case Files, Stanford Digital Repository. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
- Arnold, John E. (1957). Letter to William Wurster, January 11, UC Berkeley Environmental Design Archives, William W. Wurster/WBE 1976–2 Collection, Folder IV 77, Arnold residence.
- Arnold, John E. (1959a) 2016. Creative Engineering: Promoting Innovation by Thinking Differently. Edited with an introduction and biographical essay by William J. Clancey. Stanford Digital Repository. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Arnold, John E. (1959b). "Creativity in engineering". In P. Smith and W. Grotz (eds.), Creativity: An Examination of the Creative Process. New York: Hastings House, p. 33–46. Transcript of conference discussion, "Third Communications Conference of the Art Directors Club of New York".
- Arnold, John E. (1962a). "Education for Innovation". In S. J. Parnes and H.F. Harding (eds.), A Source Book for Creative Thinking. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 127–138. Presented at the MIT Mid-America Conference, Chicago, February 16, 1957.
- Arnold, John E. (1962b). "Useful Creative Techniques". In S. J. Parnes and H.F. Harding (eds.), A Source Book for Creative Thinking. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, pp. 251–268. From collection of papers presented at the Creative Engineering Seminar, Stanford University, summer 1959.