KJB:"Lone Rangers" may survive well enough. All the "Lone Ranger" needs is a dark alley, a baseball bat, and a one-on-one confrontation with a rights violator. Tough talk. Can you stand behind it? Myself, I considered the nuanced meaning of "punish" to include simple shunning and exclusion.
Everyone seems to think in terms of street crime, but white collar crime ("suite crime") is far more prevalent and destructive. One fifth of all new businesses that fail do so because of employee theft. And with a new firm, "employee" usually means corporate officer.
The paper that Ed cites necessarily includes the putative "criminal" (transgressor, deviator) within the population of those enforcing the rules. This is salient. I put up with governmentalists who think in terms of "perpetrators" and "the community." Perps are in an of the community, by definition -- and we are all culpable at some time. I know for a statistical fact that many nominally honest people commit transgressions. This is an assumption of the study that Ed cited. If you logically remove the offender as an element in the set, then the model fails. The Lone Ranger still would work well in that case, but would not reflect the assumptions of the study.
And that was my own choice: just me. I did not think in terms of beating up people in dark alleys - i.e., becoming an aggressor myself - but in terms of my own actions to influence the next outcome.
Beyond that, it is observably true that many self-identifed Objectivists still have the paradigms of religious conservativsm for their models of justice. I suggest many alternatives.
Red Hook Community Justice CenterThat is sort of a "left wing" alternative. Here is something more "right wing." (Incidentally, this report cites Mobil Oil for engaging its own environmental protection policies in 1956.)
The Red Hook judge has an array of sanctions and services at his disposal. These include community restitution projects, short-term psychoeducational groups, and long-term treatment (e.g., drug treatment, mental health treatment, and trauma-focused psychotherapy). Red Hook features an on-site clinic staffed by social service professionals who use trauma- and evidence-informed approaches to assess and connect individuals to appropriate services. The Justice Center also works to connect court-involved youth to strengths-based programming, including art projects and peer education programs
"In responding to and resolving the criminal behavior of employees, organizations routinely choose options other than criminal prosecution, for example, suspension without pay, transfer, job reassignment, job redesign (eliminating some job duties), civil restitution, and dismissal...
While on the surface, it appears that organizations opt for less severe sanctions than would be imposed by the criminal justice system, in reality, the organizational sanctions may have greater impact... In addition, the private systems of criminal justice are not always subject to principles of exclusionary evidence, fairness, and defendant rights which characterize the public criminal justice systems. The level of position, the amount of power, and socio-economic standing of the employee in the company may greatly influence the formality and type of company sanctions. In general, private justice systems are characterized by informal negotiations and outcomes, and nonuniform standards and procedures among organizations and crime types."
(THE HALLCREST REPORTS. 1. Private Security and Police in America, William C. Cunningham and Todd Taylor, Stoneham, Mass. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1985. 2. Private Security Trends 1970 to 2000, William C. Cunningham and John J. Strauchs and Clifford W. Van Meter, Stoneham, Mass. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1990.) ("This publication reports a 30-month descriptive research project performed by Hallcrest Systems, Inc., MacLean, Virginia, under a grant from the National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.")
The Hallcrest Report I: Private Security and Police in America by William C. Cunningham and Todd H. Taylor, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, 1985. ("This publication reports a 30-month descriptive research project performed by Hallcrest Systems, Inc., MacLean, Virginia, under a grant from the National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.")
The Hallcrest Report II: Private Security Trends 1970 to 2000, by William C. Cunningham, John J. Strauchs, Clifford W. Van Meter, Butterworth Heineman, Boston, 1990. ("This publication, The Hallcrest Report II: Private Security Trends (1970 to 2000), presents the results of a descriptive research project performed in 1989 and 1990 by Hallcrest Systems, Incorporated of MacLean, Virginia, under a grant (89-IJ-CX-0002) from the National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.")
(Edited by Michael E. Marotta on 11/26, 1:32pm)