|I got the HALLCREST REPORTS via interlibrary loan.|
(You will find these reports cited by the International Association of Chiefs of Police, The Washington Association of Sheriffs and Police Chiefs, and the House of Representatives Judiciary Committee, 106th Congress, among others.)
The Hallcrest Report I: Private Security and Police in America by William C. Cunningham and Todd H. Taylor, Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, 1985. ("This publication reports a 30-month descriptive research project performed by Hallcrest Systems, Inc., MacLean, Virginia, under a grant from the National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.")
The Hallcrest Report II: Private Security Trends 1970 to 2000, by William C. Cunningham, John J. Strauchs, Clifford W. Van Meter, Butterworth Heineman, Boston, 1990. ("This publication, The Hallcrest Report II: Private Security Trends (1970 to 2000), presents the results of a descriptive research project performed in 1989 and 1990 by Hallcrest Systems, Incorporated of MacLean, Virginia, under a grant (89-IJ-CX-0002) from the National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.")
Once more, the fact is that two out of every three patrol officers in the USA is privately employed. Government police are a 2:1 minority. Similarly, while television touts government courts and prosecutors and crime scene investigators, the fact is that much more is done privately -- and that means privately, i.e, not in the public eye.
On the other hand, there is a curious overlap between public and private police. In 1989, only about 6% of Americans declared having two or more jobs. At that same time, about 40% of all publicly employed police moonlighted as security guards -- 50% in Seattle, Washington D.C. and Dade County; 53% in Colorado Springs. This means in many cases, police officers wearing their public uniforms, carrying their public weapons, radios, and other equipment in the public cars, while being paid privately. In some cases, the police department itself handles the contracts. In some cases, the police union does the contracting. In some cities, police officers run their own private protection businesses. Obviously, all of this opens the floodgates to conflicts of interest and ultimately (as in the case of New Orleans) to corruption at all levels in all departments, including internal affairs.
At the same time, these police officers bring with them a fundamental conflict regarding their roles. Among the problems cited in The Halllcrest Report II are the fact that police enforce laws, while private protection places a higher value on conflict avoidance. Corollary to that is the fact that these moonlighters are weaponed, whereas few security guards are or need to be. That fact creates a severe liability situation for the governmental unit.
From the viewpoint of political science, the problem becomes a gordian knot. Who guards the rest of the public while the public police are guarding those who pay extra for extra service?
For Objectivists, the basic problem is that the government is competing directly against private enterprise.